The Russian Revolution: 100th Anniversary Trip
6-10 November 2017, £1199 plus £50 per night single room supplement, where applicable. Places available.
Our Hotel, the 5 star Corinthia on Nevsky Prospect, brings an air of Imperial Russia to our trip
“Russian Revolution” is the collective term for a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the eventual rise of the Soviet Union. The Russian Empire collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar; the older Julian calendar was in use in Russia at the time). In the second revolution that October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government – an event that shook the world.
We visit many museums and exhibitions to help us explain the story to our guests (all transport and entrances included in the tour price):
The Political History Museum
Elizarov’s Apartment Museum
The Kirov Museum
“Nevskaya Zastava” Museum
The Taurida Palace, which housed the Russian Dumas before February 1917 and then both the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies
Smolny Palace and a visit to Lenin’s office and living rooms and the Conference hall where the 2nd Congress of Soviet elected the first Bolshevik Government
Lenin’s apartment-museum at the 10th Sovetskaya Street
Vosstaniya Square, where the February Revolution started
Tour of the Plostchad Vosstaniya Metro with revolutionary images and bas-reliefs on the walls
Finlandsky Train Station and Lenin’s plaque
Aurora Cruiser visit
Private coach out of the city to Kronstadt for a tour of revolutionary sites and the Kronstadt History Museum
Visit to the Kronstadt Cathedral and the harbour
The former NKVD HQ (now FSB HQ)
Monument to the Victims of Political Repressions and the monument to Anna Akhmatovaca
The February Revolution (March 1917) was a revolution focused around Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg), then capital of Russia. In the chaos, members of the Imperial parliament or Duma assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution, resulting in Nicholas’ abdication. The Soviets (workers’ councils), which were led by more radical socialist factions, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias. The February Revolution took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War (1914–18), which left much of the Russian army in a state of mutiny.
A period of dual power ensued, during which the Provisional Government held state power while the national network of Soviets, led by socialists, had the allegiance of the lower classes and the political left. During this chaotic period there were frequent mutinies, protests and many strikes. When the Provisional Government chose to continue fighting the war with Germany, the Bolsheviks and other socialist factions campaigned for stopping the conflict. The Bolsheviks turned workers militias under their control into the Red Guards (later the Red Army) over which they exerted substantial control.
In the October Revolution (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolshevik party, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the workers’ Soviets overthrew the Provisional Government in Petrograd and established the Russian SFSR, eventually shifting the capital to Moscow in 1918. The Bolsheviks appointed themselves as leaders of various government ministries and seized control of the countryside, establishing the Cheka to quash dissent. To end Russia’s participation in the First World War, the Bolshevik leaders signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918.
Payment terms, per person, for this trip: £200 non refundable deposit, £400 non refundable instalment 6 months before, balance no later than 6 weeks before the trip commencement date.