The Russian Revolution: 100th Anniversary Trip
6-10 November 2017, £1199 plus £50 per night single room supplement, where applicable. Places available.
“Russian Revolution” is the collective term for a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the eventual rise of the Soviet Union. The Russian Empire collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar; the older Julian calendar was in use in Russia at the time). In the second revolution that October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government – an event that shook the world.
Our Hotel, the 5 star Corinthia on Nevsky Prospect, brings an air of Imperial Russia to our trip
Day 1 – WALK
09.00-11.30 Meeting at the hotel. Walk to the Winter Palace, description of the events which happened on the Palace square during the Revolution. Visit to the Winter Palace (photographed below by Alexander Petrosyan).
General tour of the museum (1 hour). Walk from the October Staircase used by the revolutionaries to storm the building to the White Dining Room where the Provisional Government was arrested. Short walk through the private rooms of the Royal Family. Visit to the Political Police Museum.
12. 00 Walk to the Field of Mars. Stops at the site of Uritsky’s assassination, attempt of the life of Alexander II, the house where Grand Duke Michael signed his abdication in March 1917. Stop at the Eternal Flame on the Field of Mars where the victims of the February Revolution were buried, as well as several prominent Bolshevik leaders. Story of the Ambassadors’ Plot.
13.30-14.30 Lunch stop
15.30 Tour of the Political History Museum.
17.30 End of the tour, walk to the hotel.
Day 2. Lenin’s addresses and the Kirov Museum PRIVATE BUS
09.00 Meeting at the hotel. Departure to the Elizarov’s Apartment Museum
10.00 Tour of the museum
11.00 Departure to the Kirov Museum
11.30 Tour of the Kirov Museum
13.00 Lunch break
14.00 Drive to “Nevskaya Zastava” Museum
15.00 Tour of the museum
16.00 Drive back to the hotel
Day 3. WALK
09.00 Meeting at the hotel. Metro ride and walk to the Taurida Palace, which housed the Russian Dumas before February 1917 and then both the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies.
12.00 Walk to the Smolny Palace, visit to Lenin’s office and living rooms, and the Conference hall where the 2nd Congress of Soviet elected the first Bolshevik Government.
13.30 Stop for lunch
14.30 Visit to Lenin’s apartment-museum at the 10th Sovetskaya Street.
15.30 Bus ride to Vosstaniya square, where the February revolution started. Tour of the Plostchad Vosstaniya metro with revolutionary images and bas-reliefs on the walls. Metro ride to the hotel.
17.00 Back to the hotel
Day 4 PRIVATE BUS
09.00 Meeting at the hotel. Bus to the Finlandsky Train Station, stop at Lenin’s plaque.
10.00 Bus to the Aurora Cruiser & visit the Cruiser
11.30 Depart to Kronstadt
12.30 arrive Kronstadt
12.30 – 13.30 lunch
13.30 – 16.30 tour of revolutionary sites and the Kronstadt History Museum. Visit to the Kronstadt Cathedral and the harbour
16.30 Depart for Hotel arriving 18.00. We will drive drive across the Pulkovo hill where the frontline passed in 1919 and 1941, this is where I’ll mention the Civil War
Day 5 WALK
09.00 – 12.30 Walk to the former NKVD HQ, now the FSB HQ, short stop at the building. Stop at the monument to the Victims of Political Repressions and the monument to Anna Akhmatova.
12.30 – 13.30 Lunch
13.30 – 15.30 2-hour walking tour through the backstreets which will take them to the parts of the center tourists don’t normally see.
15.30 free time to explore
The February Revolution (March 1917) was a revolution focused around Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg), then capital of Russia. In the chaos, members of the Imperial parliament or Duma assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution, resulting in Nicholas’ abdication. The Soviets (workers’ councils), which were led by more radical socialist factions, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias. The February Revolution took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War (1914–18), which left much of the Russian army in a state of mutiny.
A period of dual power ensued, during which the Provisional Government held state power while the national network of Soviets, led by socialists, had the allegiance of the lower classes and the political left. During this chaotic period there were frequent mutinies, protests and many strikes. When the Provisional Government chose to continue fighting the war with Germany, the Bolsheviks and other socialist factions campaigned for stopping the conflict. The Bolsheviks turned workers militias under their control into the Red Guards (later the Red Army) over which they exerted substantial control.
In the October Revolution (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolshevik party, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the workers’ Soviets overthrew the Provisional Government in Petrograd and established the Russian SFSR, eventually shifting the capital to Moscow in 1918. The Bolsheviks appointed themselves as leaders of various government ministries and seized control of the countryside, establishing the Cheka to quash dissent. To end Russia’s participation in the First World War, the Bolshevik leaders signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918.
Payment terms, per person, for this trip: £200 non refundable deposit, £400 non refundable instalment 6 months before, balance no later than 6 weeks before the trip commencement date.